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25 août 2006 5 25 /08 /août /2006 12:35
J'ai été surprise cette semaine de ce que j'ai lu dans le journal.
Je n'imaginais pas que la grande puissance américaine pouvait s'intéresser à nous... et bien si, si...
Et évidemment, les déclarations américaines n'ont pas plu à tout le monde, de là que ce soit sorti dans le journal évidemment.
Les problèmes évoqués sont les violences conjugales et la maltraitance des enfants, et puis les problèmes liés au niveau de vie et au monde du travail, ces derniers, bien qu'ils soient les plus nombreux ne sont pas ceux qui sont mis en relief. La presse andorrane a mis en doute les chiffres, mais ce qui est sûr c'est que les problèmes existent.

Me he quedado sorprendida esta semana al leer el periódico.No me hubiera imaginado que la superpotencia americana se interesaría por la insignificante Andorra... pues sí.
Evidentemente las declaraciones norteamericanas han ido a parar a los diarios, y más de uno se ha debido ofender.
Los problemas que resultan del estudio son las violencias domésticas y los problemas laborales y de nivel de vida. No sé si el estudio está bien hecho o no (la prensa pone las cifras en duda), pero desde luego, los problemas existen.


The following human rights problems were reported:
  • prolonged pretrial detention 
  • violence against women and children

Women

Violence against women was a problem, and, according to the ministry of health, welfare, and family, violence against women increased slightly during the year; there were more than 100 reports of physical abuse at year's end. There is no specific legislation prohibiting domestic violence, although other laws may be applied in such cases. Women, who suffered from domestic violence, requested help from the Andorran International Women's Association (AIWA) and the Andorran Women's Association (AAW), but rarely filed a complaint with the police for fear of reprisal. Approximately 50 persons were prosecuted for violence against women during the year. The government had a hot line and provided medical and psychological services to victims of domestic violence but did not have any shelters.

The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, which is punishable by up to 15 years' imprisonment. The law was effectively enforced in practice. The government had a hot line and provided medical and psychological services to rape victims but did not have any shelters.

Prostitution is illegal and was not a problem.

Sexual harassment is not prohibited; however, it was not a problem.

The law prohibits discrimination against women privately or professionally; however, the AAW reported that there were many cases of women dismissed from employment due to pregnancy. Women did not earn equal pay for equal work; observers estimated that women earned 35percent less than men for comparable work although this gap continued to decrease slowly.

Children
(...)
Although violence against children was a problem, according to the secretariat of state for the family, the number of cases was low, and the incidence of child abuse decreased slightly during the year.
(...)

Workers

The national minimum wage of $7.20 (6 euros) per hour, and $984 (820 euros) per month did not provide a decent standard of living for a worker and family. The labor inspection office enforced the minimum wage effectively.

The law limits the workweek to 40 hours, although employers may require up to 66 hours per month and 426 hours per year overtime from workers. The law provides for premium pay for overtime.There was a required rest period every day. Employees work a regular 8 hours plus they are allowed to work 3 extra hours a day or 15 per week.

The labor inspection service set occupational health and safety standards and effectively enforced them. During the year the labor inspection service filed approximately 195 complaints against companies for violating labor regulations, and it had the authority to levy sanctions and fines against such companies. Although the law authorizes employees to refuse certain tasks if their employers do not provide the necessary level of protection, no legislation grants workers the right to remove themselves from dangerous work situations without jeopardizing their continued employment. 

Vous pouvez voir là l'intégralité du rapport:
Aquí podeis leer el texto integral:

http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61634.htm

 

 

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commentaires

Sonia du Mexique 25/08/2006 17:05

J'espere que les lois de tous les pays vont changer pour proteger les femmes et les enfants !!

Sara d'Andorre 25/08/2006 19:06

Ben là, c'est carrément qu'il n'y a pas trop de loi... C'est ce qui est inquiétant.